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Engineering    2017, Vol. 3 Issue (4) : 460 -466
Research |
An Internet of Energy Things Based on Wireless LPWAN
Yonghua Song1,2,3,Jin Lin1,3(),Ming Tang2,3,Shufeng Dong2,3
1. State Key Laboratory of Control and Simulation of Power Systems and Generation Equipment, Department of Electrical Engineering, Tsinghua University, Beijing 100084, China
2. College of Electrical Engineering, Zhejiang University, Hangzhou 310027, China
3. Center of Internet of Energy Things, Tsinghua-Sichuan Energy Internet Institution, Chengdu 610213, China

Under intense environmental pressure, the global energy sector is promoting the integration of renewable energy into interconnected energy systems. The demand-side management (DSM) of energy systems has drawn considerable industrial and academic attention in attempts to form new flexibilities to respond to variations in renewable energy inputs to the system. However, many DSM concepts are still in the experimental demonstration phase. One of the obstacles to DSM usage is that the current information infrastructure was mainly designed for centralized systems, and does not meet DSM requirements. To overcome this barrier, this paper proposes a novel information infrastructure named the Internet of Energy Things (IoET) in order to make DSM practicable by basing it on the latest wireless communication technology: the low-power wide-area network (LPWAN). The primary advantage of LPWAN over general packet radio service (GPRS) and area Internet of Things (IoT) is its wide-area coverage, which comes with minimum power consumption and maintenance costs. Against this background, this paper briefly reviews the representative LPWAN technologies of narrow-band Internet of Things (NB-IoT) and Long Range (LoRa) technology, and compares them with GPRS and area IoT technology. Next, a wireless-to-cloud architecture is proposed for the IoET, based on the main technical features of LPWAN. Finally, this paper looks forward to the potential of IoET in various DSM application scenarios.

Keywords Low-power wide-area network      Internet of Things      Narrow-band Internet of Things      LoRa technology      Demand-side management     
Corresponding Authors: Jin Lin   
Just Accepted Date: 01 August 2017   Issue Date: 13 September 2017
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Yonghua Song
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Shufeng Dong
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Yonghua Song,Jin Lin,Ming Tang, et al. An Internet of Energy Things Based on Wireless LPWAN[J]. Engineering, 2017, 3(4): 460 -466 .
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